By admin       2019-02-06

India saw cotton output growing only once in the past few years. Otherwise overall every year we see the cotton crop going down. The yields are deplorably low, and due to the pest menace there is a thin possibility of adding new areas for cotton cultivation. So, we have reached saturation in cotton cultivation,” said Ganatra.As against India’s projected cotton yield of about 485-500 kg per hectare, China’s yield hovers around 1,755 kg. Attributing the lower yield to the lack of awareness among farmers on good farming practices, VN Waghmare, director (in-charge), Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) said: “Yield is a contentious issue and a debatable one. We have demonstrated yield of upto 1,200-1,500 kg per hectare in some isolated places. Better farm management brings good productivity.”He added: “Our scientists are actively looking into developing new varieties, including hybrids, but farmers must be made aware about technology and farm management,” said Waghmare. According to cotton experts, about 85 per cent of cotton farmers in the growing regions, including Gujarat and Maharashtra, have uprooted their plants after the first and second picking. This made the subsequent third and fourth picking nearly impossible.The prospects for Indian cotton remain clouded by uncertainties. “In the current scenario, our crop will remain in this range, mainly because of the adverse climatic conditions. Next year also it is feared that El-Nino will impact India,” said Ganatra.“Climate is becoming the killer for India’s Cotton as about 77 per cent of our growing region is non-irrigated, making it highly dependent on rains,” said Ganatra.

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